aile wing : the lateral petals in many orchids, pea flowers, etc.
aisselle axil : the upper angle between a leaf and its stem, where a bud usually develops (from the Latin for armpit).
akène achene : a single-seed dry fruit that does not split
anthère anther : the upper part of the stamen, attached to the filament, that produces pollen.
basale basal : grow at the base of the plant.
bractée bract : a leaf (or leaf-like structure) growing on the floral axis, often just below the flower.
caduque deciduous : (adj) trees that shed their leaves annually at the end of the growth period or at maturity.
calcaire chalky, limestone
calice calyx : the outer whorl of floral leaves that form the protective covering of the flower bud.
conifère conifer : (n) trees that reproduce by means of cones; generally evergreen, with slender prickly leaves (needles) or leaves with rounded points.
cyathe, cyme cyme : An inflorescence where the main axis and lateral branches are repeated and terminated by a flower. Branching can be regular and symmetrical or one-sides and asymmetrical.
digité digitate : having finger-like lobes, referring to leafs or bracts (the small leaf where the flower stalk joins the stem)
duveteux hairy : downy
échancré notched : for ends of petals
épi spike : a simple elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers unstalked. (see also inflorescence, raceme)
épicalice epicalyx : a second calyx outside the true calyx; the calyx appears to be made of two whorls, or one set of sepals outside the other set of sepals.
étamine stamen : the male orgen of a flower, consisting of a stalk or filament, with the pollen-producing anther at the end.
foliole leaflet :
garrigue garrigue : An extremely stony, limestone ground of the Mediterranean where only the hardiest plants (such as thistle, kermes oak and gorse) can survive. [compare: maquis]
grappe raceme : an elongated inflorescence with the individual flowers stalked, with the youngest growing at the tip. (see also inflorescence, spike)
inflorescence inflorescence : A flower cluster on a plant, often at the top, on the same axis, above the leaves. The way in which flowers are arranged or develop on an axis. Very variable from one species to another. (see also spike, raceme)
lancéolé lanceolate : narrowing to a point at each end, or narrowing to a point at the tip (like a spear-head or lance-head).
limbes falls : the three outer and often drooping segments of the flower of an iris
maquis maquis : A scrub of thick, dense shrubs and small trees growing in the sandy soil of the Mediterranean region, including myrtles, heaths, arbutus (strawberry trees), rose laurel, ilex, cistus, Holm oak and cork oak. [compare: garrigue]
ombelle umbel : a flower cluster where the pedicels rise from the top of the main stem to form a flat or rounded cluster.
palmé palmate : hand-like shape.
panicule panicle : a loose, irregular flower cluster; a compound raceme
pappus pappus : thistle-down; tufts of fine hairs on fruit and achenes
pédicelle pedicel : a short slender stalk holding a flower or fruit.
pennée pinnate : having leaflets on each side of the central stalk (rachis).
pétiole petiole : the leaf-stalk
rhizome rhizome : a thickened, horizontal underground stem that stores food-producing roots below and leafy shoots above.
schiste schist, shale
silicule silicula : a pod-like fruit; not more than twice as long as broad, sometimes broader than long.
spathe spathe : a large bract-like organ that envelops or partly envelops an inflorescence at the end.
style style : the stalk that connects the stigma to the ovary.
touffe cluster : grows in a clump or cluster
vivace perennial :