The Olive tree grows in the coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean Basin, needing very little water and living for hundreds of years. Primarily used for the oil, the tree's Latin name is the word for oil in many languages.
A short, squat evergreen tree that can grow to 8-15 meters tall. Usually kept at about 4-6 meters high.
Very knarled trunk with rough bark.
Flower. The small white flowers, with ten-cleft calyx and corolla, two stamens and bifid stigma, are borne generally on the last year's wood, in racemes springing from the axils of the leaves. [Wikipedia]
Leaves. Oblong, 4-10 cm long, 1-3 cm wide, silvery-green.
Fruit. Olive. Used as a food directly (green olives, black olives) and in many Mediterranean recipes. Used for the oil. [See Olives and Olive Oil of Provence] Harvested at the green stage or left to ripen to a rich purple colour (black olive). Canned black olives may contain chemicals that turn them black artificially.