The Roman province of Gaul (Gallia) included Cisalpine Gaul and Transalpine Gaul. Cisalpine Gaul was the area of Northern Italy conquered by the Romans in 222 BC.
The area of Transalpine Gaul included France, Switzerland, Belgium and the Netherlands. The southern part of Transalpine Gaul became a Roman province in 121 BC. The northern part was conquered by Caesar in 50-50 BC. Transalpine Gaul was ravaged during the 5th century by Burgundian, Franks and Visigoths. In 486, it was conquered by Clovis, and became part of the kingdom of the Franks.
A province of Roman Gaul, a renamed version of Gallia Transalpina, created in 27 BC by Augustus. Colonies founded in Narbonnaise included Aix, Narbonne, Nîmes and Orange. (The town of Narbonne, Narbo Marius, was founded by the Romans in 118 BC.)
The Roman road Via Domitia, linked the Spanish provinces and Italy, passing through Narbonne, Nîmes, Orange and Cavaillon. The Roman road Via Aquitania connected the Mediterranean coast, near Narbonne, to Aquitaine and the Atlantic.